100% Clean and Renewable Wind, Water, and Sunlight All-Sector Energy Roadmaps for 139 Countries of the World

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Contributed date

May 18, 2020 - 9:50am

Critical Commentary

This article caught my attention because after all the reading I have done recently on this topic, I am looking for solutions, primarily for a ‘feel good’ factor. Else the complexity of this global  crisis of energy vulnerability is overwhelming me.  I do understand that this is an optimistic roadmap for 139 countries to actually move 100% to wind, water and solar power by the year, 2050. But as they say, plan big, work towards it and you will be there one day!

As I read through the article, I was surprised to know that it is technically and economically feasible to transform the whole world to renewable energy resources, but was upset to also know that the barriers to achieving this are social and political. I have always wondered about the power of the oceans, so it was heartening to read about the possibility of using generators from wave and tidal power.   

This research article was written in the year 2017, it will be interesting to evaluate the study post COVID-19 as the world is sure to change now. Also, the first guess estimate for the additional electricity and heat generators in each country was done from an earlier grid-integration study for the US, I am apprehensive of the correctness of this estimate. Though the authors do support this with separate grid-integration studies across the 139 countries later on, but basic estimate from the US study was still considered.

This roadmap envisions 80% conversion to the three renewable energy resources by 2030, just 10 years from now. Looks implausible to achieve in such a short time, though, but the possibility of such solutions does make one optimistic regarding energy needs and vulnerabilities across the world.


Jacobson, Mark Z. , Delucchi Mark A., Bauer, Zack A.F., Wang, Jingfan, Weiner, Eric, Yachanin, Alexander S.  (2017, September 6). Article, Elsevier Inc. Retrieved on May 17, 2020 from  https://reader.elsevier.com/reader/sd/pii/S2542435117300120?token=C476F75A6E978A85BA85DC6028E7CED530D115A529BD4A099EB8A792F9752D6E6D117AB390F038879931E5ED093D3A06



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Cite as

Mark Z. Jacobson, Mark A. Delucchi, Zack A.F. Bauer, Savannah C. Goodman, William E. Chapman, Mary A. Cameron, Cedric Bozonnat, Liat Chobadi, Hailey A. Clonts, Peter Enevoldsen, Jenny R. Erwin, Simone N. Fobi, Owen K. Goldstrom, Eleanor M. Hennessy, Jingyi Liu, Jonathan Lo, Clayton B. Meyer, Sean B. Morris, Kevin R. Moy, Patrick L. O’Neill, Ivalin Petkov, Stephanie Redfern, Robin Schucker, Michael A. Sontag, Jingfan Wang, Eric Weiner and and Alexander S. Yachanin, "100% Clean and Renewable Wind, Water, and Sunlight All-Sector Energy Roadmaps for 139 Countries of the World", contributed by Lopamudra Bhattacharyya, The Energy Rights Project, Platform for Experimental Collaborative Ethnography, last modified 18 May 2020, accessed 16 January 2022.