The Federal Reserve of Philadelphia looked at labor participation gaps between people with and without broadband access around the country.The Philly Fed found that there was a 17% gap in labor force participant rates beteween people aged between 25-54 who do and do not have a computer with access to broadband internet in the Philadelphia Metro Area. The question they hoped to answer is that "is there a correlation between regional labor market attachment and access to a broadband-enabled computer?" 7 out of 10 people without a computer with access to broadband internet participate in the labor force, whereas 9 out of 10 who have access to a computer with internet access do participate in the labor foce.
Sanchez, Alvaro, and Adam Scavette. 2021. “Is There a Correlation between Regional Labor Market Attachment and Access to a Broadband- Enabled Computer?” Federal Reserve Bank Philadelphia.
Alvaro Sahcnez and Adam Scavette, 30 June 2021, "Broadband Subscription, Computer Access, and Labor Market Attachment Across U.S. Metros", contributed by Andrew Rosenthal, The Energy Rights Project, Platform for Experimental Collaborative Ethnography, last modified 3 August 2021, accessed 16 January 2022.